Core principles for effective deposit insurance system
The report of the Financial Stability Forum on Enhancing Market and Institutional Resilience (April 2008) pointed out that events during the recent international financial turmoil illustrate the importance of effective depositor compensation arrangements. The report stresses the need for authorities to agree on an international set of principles for effective deposit insurance systems. The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) and the International Association of Deposit Insurers (IADI) decided to collaborate to develop an internationally agreed set of Core Principles and established a joint working group. They submitted to BCBS and IADI for respective review and approval.
A Compliance Assessment Methodology for Core principles was completed by IMF, WB, European union, IADI and BCBS in December 2010. The core principles are also used by the Internationa Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World bank, in the context of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), to assess the effectiveness of jurisdiction’ deposit insurance systems and practices.
The global financial crisis of 2007-09 brought to light significant policy lessons for deposit insurance systems. The evolution of the crisis showed the importance of maintaining depositor confidence in the financial system and the key role that deposit protection plays in maintaining that confidence. Increases in deposit insurance coverage and strengthening of funding arrangements help support financial stability in many jurisdictions. In some jurisdictions, blanket guarantees were issued by the authorities. Irrespective of the form protection, policymakers recognized the importance of ensuring depositor confidence. In the aftermath of the crisis, a number of deposit insurers saw their mandates expand to include resolution tools in addition to depositor reimbursement. Based on a recent IADI survey, the percentage of deposit insurance agencies with some kind of role in resolution increased from about half in 2005 to almost 65 per cent in 2011.
IADI was presented to a joint working group which include representatives from BCBS, European forum of deposit insurers, European Commission, FSB, MF and World bank. The JWG has sought to achieve the right balance between raising the bar for more effective deposit insurance systems and retaining the Core principles continue to accommodate a diverse range of deposit insurance systems.
National authorities are free to put in place supplementary measures that they deem necessary to achieve effective deposit insurance in their jurisdictions. As a result of this review, the numbers of Core principles have decreased from 18 to 16 and, The core principles for the effective deposit insurance system is approved in November 2014.
The Core Principles are intended as a voluntary framework for effective deposit insurance practices.
IADI core principles for effective deposit insurance system
Principle 1 – public policy objectives
Principle 2 – mandate and powers
Principle 3 – governance
Principle 4 – relationship with other safety net participants
Principle 5 – cross-border issues
Principle 6 – deposit insurer’s role in contingency planning and crisis management
Principle 7 – membership
Principle 8 – coverage
Principle 9 – sources and uses of funds
Principle 10 – public awareness
Principle 11 – legal protection
Principle 12 – dealing with parties at fault in a bank failure
Principle 13 – early detection and timely intervention
Principle 14 – failure resolution
Principle 15 – reimbursing depositors
principle 16 – recoveries
It is the entity or the person who is holding current account and money accounts at the commercial banks.